The largest country in Oceania, Australia, covers a vast, largely uninhabited territory crossed by the Tropic of Capricorn that has a great variety of climatic situations from desert to tropical climate. It is a Commonwealth country still under the rule of the British crown that annually attracts thousands of tourists attracted by the opportunity to admire unique land and sea views, observe and meet exotic animals, play adrenaline sports, visit lively and modern cities.
The air travel to Australia from India takes over 20 hours and generally requires an intermediate stopover at airports in other Asian cities, with destination Melbourne or Sydney. For internal travel, if you want to reach the most interesting attractions of the country, you can resort to local and low cost airlines that guarantee connections between Australian cities and major tourist destinations.
An ancient British penal colony, Australia at the arrival of European explorers was inhabited by a population of hunter-gatherers called by the newcomers “aborigines” whose cultures and traditions were the subject of interest and study by anthropologists and ethnographers from all over the world. world. The country will amaze you with its large and dynamic cities such as modern Sydney, beautiful and wild native lands, sandy shores and coral ecosystems. In this guide to Australia, we will discover curiosities, climate, unmissable attractions of the area.
Sydney: Opera House and other wonders:
The overlapping shell structure of the Sydney Opera House is a constant on postcards of the city and one of the most photographed subjects by tourists who reach this modern urban center of southwestern Australia with a mild climate. Capital of the state of New South Wales, Sydney is an important economic, financial and cultural center. A short distance from the city, on Bondi Beach, there is no shortage of beautiful sandy beaches overlooking the ocean for the traveler’s rest and high waves for surfers.
In the city, admire the building of the opera house designed by the Danish architect Jørn Utzon, inaugurated in 1973, perched on the platform overlooking the sea in front. Then continue your visit with a stop at the futuristic Sydney Harbor Bridge and the Cathedral and Minor Basilica of Saint Mary. You are in Australia so do not miss the opportunity to immerse yourself in the cultural climate of its liveliest metropolis; among the museums we point out the Sydney Museum, the Maritime Museum and the Art Gallery New South Wales.
Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park:
Raise your hand if you have never seen a photograph of the majestic Uluru, a monolith that stands out against the flat horizon of Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park. The spectacular massif, which is located in central Australia, in an area with a substantially dry semi-desert climate but with significant temperature variations, is not only a peculiar rock formation, but above all the scene of rites, ancient beliefs and traditions of the Anangu aborigines .
Melbourne and the Twelve Apostles on the southeast coast:
Also worth a visit is the largest city in the State of Victoria, Melbourne, founded in the first half of the 19th century with the name of Dooti gala: you will appreciate the architecture of the private buildings in the historic center, in their typical Victorian style as well as the ultra-modern graffiti of Hosier Lane, the most original in Australia. The climate in the city is capricious and changeable so there is perhaps no better time to go. Sports enthusiasts will appreciate the chance to attend the Formula 1 Grand Prix here in the Albert Park circuit in spring; or at the Australian Open tennis matches in January.
On the outskirts of Melbourne, reach the Twelve Apostles Marine National Park, about a 4-hour drive from the city. A journey perhaps a bit long but it is worth tackling it not only for the charm of the destination but also for the wonderful panorama you can enjoy along the Great Ocean Road, on the way between the two locations. Upon arrival, 12 Apostles await you, that is 12 rocky boulders that emerge from the ocean floor along the southwestern coast of Australia, created by erosion caused by water, winds and climate over millions of years. You should have Proper Visa before visiting to Australia
The Great Barrier Reef:
Opposite the northeastern coast of the Australian state of Queensland lies another of the wonders of this great and distant country: the Great Barrier Reef. Over 2000 km of coral reefs, islets, fish, molluscs and water mammals that swim in the largest ecosystem of this kind in the world. In one of the most incredible marine parks in Australia you will be able to experience, climate and weather conditions permitting and in a responsible and environmentally friendly way, a great variety of activities, from snorkeling to diving, from helicopter tours to boat rides … depart from locations such as Cairns, Port Douglas, Mission Beach, Townsville
Barossa Valley and Adelaide Hills:
In South Australia, the climate and temperatures create the ideal situation for growing grapes and producing wine. In this area, particularly around the city of Adelaide, near the south coast of the country, there are some of the best known wineries in the world. The wines of the well-known Penfolds brand have been produced in the Barossa Valley and the Adelaide Hills since 1844. Plan a stop at the Pen folds Magill Estate, where during the organized tours you can discover the secrets of Australian viticulture and wine making and taste the excellent wine from the brand’s cellar.